Citroen Type C – 5CV model year 1922 Citroën automobile photo car photograph For Sale

Citroen Type C – 5CV model year 1922 Citroën automobile photo car photograph

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Citroen Type C – 5CV model year 1922 Citroën automobile photo car photograph:

A superb and rare photo of the magnificent 1922 Citroën Type C , a.k.a. Citroen Type 5 CV as photographed for the publicity campaign of the 1922 model year.

The Citroën Type C was a light car made by the French Citroën car company between 1922 and 1926 with almost 81,000 units being made. It was launched at the Paris Salon in 1921 as a a 2 seat Torpédo model. The car was originally called the Type C but was updated to the C2 in 1924 which was in turn superseded by the slightly longer C3 in 1925. The Type C was, and still is, also well known as the 5CV due to its French fiscal rating of its engine for taxation purposes. More colloquial sobriquets, referring to the tapered rear of the little car's body, were 'cul-de-poule' (hen's bottom) and 'boat deck Citroën'. The four cylinder engine had a capacity of 856cc with a bore of 55mm (2.2inches) and stroke of 90mm (3.5inches). There was a single Solex carburettor and ignition was by a magneto. An electric starter was standard allowing the car to be advertised as especially suitable for lady drivers. There were 2 types of chassis, the C (also used for the C2) and C3 varying in length, the original Type C and C2 being 2.25 metres (7.4feet) long and the 1925 C3 2.35 metres (7.7feet). The suspension used inverted quarter elliptic springs at the front and rear and braking was on the rear wheels, controlled by a hand lever and on the transmission by the foot brake. The maximum speed was in the order of 60km/h (37mph) with a fuel consumption of 5 litres per 100 kilometres (56mpg (Imperial)). Only open bodies were made with the original Type C, often nicknamed the "Petit Citron" (little lemon), due to it only being available in yellow at first, as one of the more popular variants. The C2 tourer was a two seat version but the C3 was a three seat "Trefle" (Cloverleaf) three seat model with room for a single passenger in the rear. There were also C2 and C3 Cabriolets made. There was also a wide range of C2 and C3 commercial models with 32,567 being built.

French avant garde car maker Citroën was founded in 1919 by André Citroën. It was the world's first mass-production car company outside of the USA. The brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary in 2009. Originally a mass-market car maker with relatively straightforward designs, Citroën shocked the world in 1934 with the innovative Traction Avant, the world's first mass-production front wheel drive car (1934–56). Other significant models include the H Van (1947–81), the 2CV (1948–90), the DS (1955–1975) and the CX (1974–91). Citroën has an extremely interesting history. André Citroën built armaments for France during World War I and after the war he had a factory and no product. In 1919, the business started to produce automobiles, beginning with the conventional type A. The Type A was designed by Jules Salomon, Chief Design Officer from Le Zèbre. Citroën was a keen marketer—he used the Eiffel Tower as the world's largest advertising sign, as recorded in the Guinness Book of Records. He also sponsored expeditions in Asia (Croisière Jaune) and Africa (Croisière Noire), intended to demonstrate the potential for motor vehicles equipped with the Kégresse track system to cross inhospitable regions. The expeditions conveyed scientists and journalists. In 1924, Citroën began a business relationship with American engineer Edward G. Budd. From 1899, Budd had worked to develop stainless steel bodies for railroad cars, for the Pullman in particular. Budd went on to manufacture steel bodies for many automakers, Dodge being his first big auto client. In 1928, Citroën introduced the first all-steel body in Europe. The cars were initially successful in the marketplace, but soon competitors (who were still using a wooden structure for their bodies), introduced new body designs. Citroën did not redesign the bodies of his cars. Citroëns still sold in large quantities in spite of not changing the body design, but the car's low price was the main selling point and Citroën experienced heavy losses. In an attempt to remedy the situation, Citroën developed the Traction Avant. The Traction Avant had three revolutionary features: a unitary body with no separate frame, front wheel independent suspension, and front wheel drive. Citroën commissioned Budd to create a prototype, which evolved into the 7 horsepower (CV), 32hp (24kW) Traction Avant of 1934. In 1933, Citroën also introduced the Rosalie, a passenger car with the world’s first commercially available diesel engine, developed with Harry Ricardo. Achieving quick development of the Traction Avant and its production facilities at the same time was too costly and overly ambitious, causing the financial ruin of the company. In 1934, debt forced the company into foreclosure and it was then taken over by its biggest creditor, the tire company Michelin. Fortunately for Michelin, the Traction Avant met with market acceptance and the basic philosophy that had led to this design continued. Citroën has always been undercapitalized, so its vehicles have a tradition of being underdeveloped at launch, with limited distribution and service networks. For both the important DS and CX models, development of the original engine around which the design was planned proved too expensive for the finances available, and the actual engine used in both cases was a modest and outdated four-cylinder design. During the German occupation of France in World War II, Citroën researchers continued their work in secret and developed the concepts that were later brought to market in the 2CV and DS. These were widely regarded by contemporary journalists as avant garde, even radical, solutions to automotive design. This began a period of unusual brand loyalty, normally seen in the automobile industry only in niche brands, like Porsche and Ferrari. The cult-like appeal of the cars to Citroënistes took almost two decades to fade, from 1975 to about 1995. Citroën unveiled the 2CV (2 fiscal horsepower, initially only 12 HP) at the Paris Salon in 1948. The car became a bestseller, achieving the designer's aim of providing rural French people with a motorized alternative to the horse. This car remained in production, with only minor changes, until 1990 and was a common sight on French roads until recently. 1955 saw the introduction of the DS, the first full usage of Citroën's now legendary hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system that was tested on the rear suspension of the last of the Tractions. The DS was the first European production car with disc brakes. The DS featured power steering, power brakes and power suspension, and—from 1968—directional headlights. A single high-pressure system was used to activate pistons in the gearbox cover to shift the gears in the transmission and to operate the clutch on the Citromatic, Citroën's semi-automatic transmission. This high-pressure hydraulic system would form the basis of many Citroën cars, including the SM, GS, CX, BX, XM, and Xantia. These vehicles shared the distinguishing feature of rising to operating ride height when the engine was turned on, like a "mechanical camel" (per Car & Driver magazine). A lever located just ahead of the driver's door allowed the driver to adjust the height of the car. On right-hand drive models, this lever was located behind the driver's right foot. The height-adjustability of the suspension allowed for clearing obstacles, fording shallow (slow-moving) streams, and changing tires. This type of suspension was uniquely able to absorb road irregularities without disturbing the occupants. During Citroën's venture with Maserati, the Citroën high-pressure hydraulic system was used on several Maserati models, for power clutch operation (Bora), power pedal adjustment (Bora), pop-up headlights (Bora, Merak), brakes (Bora, Merak, Khamsin), steering (Khamsin), and the entire Quattroporte II prototype, which was a four-door Citroën SM under the skin. Citroën was one of the early pioneers of the now widespread trend of aerodynamic automobile design, which helps to reduce fuel consumption and improve high-speed performance by reducing wind resistance. The firm began using a wind tunnel in the 1950s. In 1963, Citroën negotiated with Peugeot to cooperate in the purchase of raw materials and equipment. Talks were broken off in 1965. That year Citroën took over the French carmaker Panhard in the hope of using Panhard's expertise in midsize cars to complement its own range of very small, cheap cars (e.g., 2CV/Ami) and large, expensive cars (e.g., DS/ID). Cooperation between both companies had begun 12 years earlier, and they had agreed to a partial merger of their sales networks in 1953. Panhard ceased making vehicles in 1967. 1968 saw a restructuring of Citroën's worldwide operations under a new holding company, Citroën SA. Michelin, Citroën's long-time controlling shareholder, sold a 49% stake to FIAT, in what was referred to as the PARDEVI agreement (Participation et Développement Industriels). That year Citroën purchased the Italian sports car maker Maserati and launched the grand tourer SM, which featured a V6 Maserati engine and a fully powered steering system called DIRAVI. The SM was engineered as if it were replacing the DS, a level of investment the GT sector alone would never be able to support, even in the best of circumstances. Circumstances became more unfavorable as the 1970s progressed. Citroën suffered another financial blow in the 1973 energy crisis. In 1974, the carmaker withdrew from North America, due to design regulations that outlawed core features of Citroën cars. Huge losses at Citroën were caused by failure of the Comotor rotary engine venture, plus the strategic error of going the 15 years from 1955 to 1970 without a model in the profitable middle range of the European market, and the massive development costs for the GS, CX, SM, Birotor, Maserati Bora, Maserati Merak, and Maserati Khamsin models—each a technological marvel in its own right. In 1974, Peugeot purchased 38.2% of Citroën and became responsible for managing the combined activities, in particular their research, purchasing, and investments departments. Peugeot sold off Maserati to DeTomaso in May 1975, and the Italian firm was quickly able to exploit the image of the Maserati brand to sell tens of thousands of newly-designed Bi-Turbo models. The takeover was completed in May 1976, as Peugeot SA purchased a 90% stake of Citroën SA and the companies were combined into a holding company, known as PSA Peugeot Citroën. The PSA venture was a financial success from 1976 to 1979. Citroën had two successful new designs in the market at this time (the GS and CX), a resurgent Citroën 2CV, and the Citroën Dyane in the wake of the oil crisis, and Peugeot was typically prudent in its own finances, launching the Peugeot 104 based Citroën Visa and Citroën LNA. PSA then purchased the aging assets of Chrysler Europe, which it rebranded as Talbot, leading to losses from 1980 to 1985. PSA gradually eliminated Citroën's ambitious attitude to engineering and styling in an effort to rebrand the marque as an economy brand. In the 1980s, Citroën models were increasingly Peugeot-based, which was part of a worldwide motor industry trend called "platform sharing." The 1982 BX used the hydropneumatic suspension system and still had a Citroënesque appearance, while being powered by Peugeot-derived engines and using the floorpan later seen on the Peugeot 405. By the late 1980s, many of the distinctive features of the marque had been removed or diluted—the AX GT, for example was noted by contemporary journalists for its poor ride quality, an unusual attribute for the brand. Citroën has expanded into many new geographic markets. In the late 1970s, the firm developed a small car for production in Romania known as the Oltcit, which it sold in Western Europe as the Citroën Axel. That joint venture has ended, but a new one between PSA and Toyota is now producing cars like the Citroën C1 in the Czech Republic. In China, the C3 and Xsara are sold alongside the Fukang and Elysée local models. Citroën is still a global brand except in North America, where the company has not returned since the SM was effectively banned in 1974 for not meeting NHTSA bumper regulations. Production of the versatile 2CV was ended in 1990. Companies like Chrysler with the CCV concept car, Toyota with the Scion xB and Honda with the Element have recognized the 2CV concept and translated it to the modern era. More recently, Citroën has introduced the C3 Pluriel, an unusual convertible with strong allusions to the 2CV, both in body style (such as the bonnet) and in its all-round practicality. A "retro style" C3-based, post-modern 2cv like the new VW Beetle and BMW MINI is under active consideration by Citroën. The Pluriel is but one example of Citroën's return to innovation, after launching somewhat dull (although efficient) models throughout the 1990s. Other examples are the C2, C4, and C6. The introduction of newer models, such as the long-awaited XM replacement, the C6, indicates Citroën's continued commitment to innovation in the 21st century. But the days of clean-sheet thinking and truly radical innovation are long gone. Being too avant-garde and too far ahead of public taste is too risky. European Car of the Year awards winners: 1971: Citroën GS; 1975: Citroën CX; 1990: Citroën XM. Podiums: 1971: Citroën SM; 1979: Citroën Visa; 1988: Citroën AX; 1994: Citroën Xantia; 2003: Citroën C3; 2005: Citroën C4; 2007: Citroën Grand C4 Picasso. It also received a USA Car of the Year award in 1972. That year the Citroën SM was the Motor Trend Car of the Year. Citroën is also a major competitor in the World Rally Championship. After an abortive attempt with the Group B Citroën BX 4TC in 1986, and rally raid and kit-car successes in the 1990s, a works WRC squad debutted in 2001, winning the Constructors' title in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008 and 2009. In 2004, 2005, and 2006, French driver Sébastien Loeb won the Drivers' Championship driving the Citroën Xsara WRC, and in 2007, 2008 and 2009 with the Citroën C4 WRC. Citroën missed out on the Constructors title to Ford in both 2006 and 2007. In the early 1970s, Citroën investigated the possibility of producing helicopters with the Wankel engines manufactured by its subsidiary Comotor. Some models, like the Citroën RE2, were flight-tested and still exist. Citroën vehicles are well known for their longevity—many CX models have travelled over 400,000 kilometers. The Iconic Citroën DS celebrated its 50th birthday in 2005 with over 2000 DSs, covering every year of production from 1955 to 1975, driving in convoy through the streets of Paris. One car travelled from Australia for the event. Australia has been one of Citroën's longest continuous sales markets in the world beginning in 1925. The DS was made in Australia in the 1960s, the only Citroën to be built there. One of Citroën's biggest factories is in Vigo, Spain. Beginning in 1955, Citroën began to use a steering wheel with only one spoke. The defunct language magazine Quinto Lingo ran an article of puns, including this one in German: "Kennst du das Land wo die Citroëns bluehn?" ("Do you know the land where the Citroëns bloom?") In the TV show The Mentalist Simon Baker (as investigator Patrick Jane) drives a Citroen DS 21. In 2008/9 Citroën appointed Landor Associates to reinvent the corporate brand for the Citroen dealer network. A new logo, a metallic variation on the previous logo, and a new strapline "Creative Technologie" was created. This is currently being rolled out around the world and is expected to take three to five years. Citroen celebrates its 90th Anniversary in 2009. As well as a new brand identity, launched in February 2009, a number of other events are scheduled to take place throughout the year, including the launch of a special-edition C3 Picasso 90th Anniversary Edition in the UK.

This is a very nice and very rare non period photo that reflects a wonderful era of Citroen and automotive history in a wonderful way. This is your rare chance to ownthis photo, therefore it is printed in a nice large format ofca. 8" x 12" (ca. 20 x 30 cm). It makes it perfectly suitable for framing.

Contact us for more Citroen and other automotive photos!

Shipping costs will only be $ 7.00 regardless of how many photos you buy. For 5 or more photos, shipping is free!

(Note: A. Herl, Inc. does not appear on photo, for purposes only)

No copyright expressed or implied. Sold as collectable item only. We are clearing out our archives that we have gathered from various sources.

All items always sent well protected in PVC clear filesand board backed envelopes.

We have photographs that came from professional collections and/or were bought from the original photographer or press studio! They are all of professional and excellent quality.

After many decades of professionally collecting photographs and posters we are clearing out our archives. They make the perfect gift and are perfectly suited for framing. They will look gorgeous unframed and will be a true asset nicely framed with a border. They are a gorgeous and great asset in every home, workshop, workplace, restaurant, bar or club!

First come - first served. And you can always contact us for your requests. Please ask any questions before the sale ends.

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